Is the world composed of one substance or many substances? In any case, the idea is that this one overwhelming experience of truth, beauty or the divine, will make all the sufferings and tribulations of our lives meaningful and worth experiencing.
The human being can be educated to move away from the love of beautiful things which perish to the pure love of Beauty itself. Socrates refused the offer.
By his very withdrawal from the immediate social consensus, including any ongoing political disputes, Socrates was able to provide his crucial social service. The ethics of Socrates is briefly outlined.
Otherwise Socrates deliberately stayed out of the politics of the city, the area in which most ambitious Athenians tried to distinguish themselves. Through the conversation between Socrates and Glaucon a—cPlato analogizes the form of the Good with the sun as it is what allows us to see things.
Days filled with reading and strolls through museums, retirement to a tropical island, unlimited amounts of time for video games…. It is "what gives truth to the things known and the power to know to the knower". I take a similar approach. The play reinforced all the stereotypes that ordinary people had of sophists, philosophers, and intellectuals in general.
Socrates undermined all this by his insistent emphasis of the mind and inner life.
It is usually after they are gone that they are canonized as heroes and recognized as classics. Most sophists demanded considerable fees for consultations, tutorials, courses, or even for having their brains picked in informal conversations. For you know just as well as we do that, when these matters are discussed by practical people, the standard of justice depends on the power to coerce, and that the strong do what they have the power to do, and the weak accept what they are forced to accept.
Thus he advised the son of the influential politician Anytus not to take over the family's business, a tannery, but to devote his life to philosophical studies instead—a piece of advice that was to cost him. We have to arrive at an understanding of human nature and discover what brings out the best in the human being--which desires are mutually reinforcing, and which prevent us from achieving a sense of overall purpose and well-functioning.
Thinking the matter over, he still insisted that he was as ignorant as everybody else. Many authors of Antiquity loved to describe Xanthippe as the proverbial nag who had no sympathy for her husband's high-minded calling. No society that is too pleased with itself will remain strong and healthy for long.
It is the lengthy dialectical conversation between Socrates and Meno in this dialogue that makes for the examined life.Virtues, according to Socrates are said to be important in the good life because they tend to represent the best qualities an individual should have in life.
In his arguments on the good life, Socrates stressed that virtues are the most valuable possessions in an individualâ€™s life, hence leading to the good life.
The good life for Socrates is the life guided by curiosity. ("The unexamined life is not worth living"). Finding "what makes you happy" is a more hedonistic, modern pursuit. If Socrates emphasizes virtue and Epicurus emphasizes pleasure, another great Greek thinker, Aristotle, views the good life in a more comprehensive way.
According to Aristotle, we all want to be happy. During his life Socrates was predominantly interested in ethics. Self-knowledge is a sufficient condition to the good life. Socrates identifies knowledge with virtue. Socrates' Conception of the Good Life Relating it Back This relates back to what we are studying because Antigone, by Socrates' standards, is truly living a "good life"; she is questioning the things around her, rather than just accepting everything that is said to her.
For, according to Socrates, the examined life is a life whereby one is in constant, coherent dialogue both with others and with oneself concerning the meaning and truth of terms like 'virtue' and the 'good' in order to find their respective values.Download