Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. General Edward Braddock The war did not begin well for the British. British colonial forces, led by Lieutenant Colonel George Washington, attempted to expel the French inbut were outnumbered and defeated by the French.
The English gradually settled all along the Atlantic seaboard to the south of the Gulf of Saint Lawrencewhere more than a dozen colonies—including British Nova Scotiafounded in —came into existence and flourished.
News of the two battles reached England in August.
In the course of time, the inhabitants of these colonies in the course of time pushed westward from tidewater areas to establish themselves in the Piedmont country.
The British Government sent General Edward Braddock to the colonies as commander in chief of British North American forces, but he alienated potential Indian allies and colonial leaders failed to cooperate with him. The French promptly burned the fort to the ground and gained control of the region.
The capture of Fort Frontenac on Lake Ontario effectively severed communications between the French headquarters in Montreal and their forces in the Ohio Valley.
In the province of Carolina was created to the south of Virginiawith a sea-to-sea grant; the Carolina charter was amended two years later, and the expanded territory would come to form the colonies of North CarolinaSouth Carolinaand Georgia.
All French possessions west of the Mississippi are given to the Spanish. Spain, which had joined the conflict in its waning days and failed spectacularly in an attempt to check British ambitions in the Caribbean, was obliged to give up Florida as a condition for the return of Havanawhich had been occupied by the British since August In January, they ambushed British rangers near Ticonderoga.
The officers were either appointed by the governor or elected by the men. Settlers of English extraction were in a preponderance in the coveted area, but French exploration, trade, and alliances with Native Americans predominated.
The first phase of this war was a sheer disaster for Britain. In early August, Montcalm and 7, troops besieged the fort, which capitulated with an agreement to withdraw under parole.
The rivals clashed on the Monongahela, and Washington was forced to surrender and retreat. France ceded Louisianaincluding New Orleans, to Spain as compensation. Inthe Province of Pennsylvania successfully negotiated the Treaty of Easton in which a number of tribes in the Ohio Country promised neutrality in exchange for land concessions and other considerations.
It was attacked by French soldiers and Indian warriors ambushing them from hiding places up in trees and behind logs, and Braddock called for a retreat. Lawrence and Mississippi watersheds, did business with local Indian tribes, and often married Indian women.
When news reached Williamsburgthe colonial capital, that the French were driving out English traders and building forts on the headwaters of the Allegheny in order to consolidate their positions, Lieut. Franco-Indian alliance France recognized the independence of the Indian tribes while claiming sovereignty over their territory at the same time, as well as the right to plead the cause of their Indian allies in the face of other European powers.
As he moved south, he drove off or captured British traders, alarming both the British and the Iroquois. They had been inclined to support the French, with whom they had long trading relationships. In the meantime, French ships had escaped the British blockade of the French coast, and a fleet awaited Loudoun at Louisbourg which outnumbered the British fleet.
The British rangers were an attempt to replicate the tactics of the French colonial marines.The French and Indian War () is the name given to the North American theatre of the Seven Years’ War (), a global conflict involving the major powers of Europe.
Though war was not formally declared untilarmed conflict began in as disputes over land claims in the Ohio Valley lead to a series of frontier battles Employees: March 15, October 18, King George's War The warm-up to the French and Indain War between France and England, also fought for domination over North America.
Ends with the treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle and no clear victor. George Washington's forays into the Ohio country shaped his career and sparked a global war.
InLieutenant Governor Dinwiddie of Virginia ordered a young, ambitious year old George Washington on mission deep into the Ohio Country to confront the French.
Washington’s account of his journey Employees: The turning point in the war occurred on September 13,when British General James Wolfe defeated French forces at Quebec in a siege that lasted almost two months.
Montreal and Detroit, the other two French strongholds would fall soon after. In. The French and Indian War began over the specific issue of whether the upper Ohio River valley was a part of the British Empire, and therefore open for trade and settlement by Virginians and Pennsylvanians, or part of the French Empire.
French and Indian War/Seven Years’ War, – The French and Indian War was the North American conflict in a larger imperial war between Great Britain and France known as the Seven Years’ War. The French and Indian War began in and ended with the Treaty of Paris inDownload