In the colonies, the desire to fight the British was never in question. Without the help of Spain, the Netherlands, and especially France, it's unlikely the colonists would have prevailed. Perhaps his shortcomings as a general can be partly explained by the quality of his officers, which was rarely good enough to maintain discipline and coordinate full-scale battles.
Therefore the great tactics at Fort Stanwix proved vital as the British were previously in a great position in the battle. Although of great aggressive instinct, after the early defeats of Washington realised that the survival of the revolution was closely linked to the survival of the Continental Army.
But exactly how did they ever succeed in their mission with the odds stacked against them in every way? Ultimately, the Americans prevailed due to their spirit and the fact that they were fighting for something they believed in. Americans often quote the Declaration of Independence when discussing their freedoms.
Even is the British took the field and won the battle they had to retreat. This was due to the consequences a loyalist would face. They had a lot at stake: France also helped bring Spain and Holland into the war and without them the colonists would have found it difficult to win. Finally, the distance between England and the United States put a great strain on Britain, which spent a great deal of time, energy, and money ferrying soldiers and munitions back and forth across the Atlantic.
The British Treasury and Admiralty did not co-operate with each other to make provisioning efficient or effective.
Even after driving them from the field they were forced to retreat days later so the assault was pointless and only raised American morale.
While George Washington did eventually train, under the instruction of Baron Von Steubena traditional army that could face the British and not run, much of the fighting in the south was done with small forces harassing larger ones.
Their improved performance was noted in the first significant battle following Valley Forge, the Battle of Monmouth.
Also known as the American Revolution and the United States War of Independence, the conflict would quickly grow from a small civil war to a full-blown international conflict.
The British evacuated the city in Marchwith Howe and his men retreating to Canada to prepare a major invasion of New York. British Arrogance The British believed their army could defeat any army in the world and they had a right to believe that, however their commanders often took that confidence too far by taking too many unnecessary chances.
A Prussian officer acting as an advisor to Washington, Baron von Steuben, gave the soldiers critical training in military tactics, manoeuvres and the use and firing of their weapons. This resulted in the Americans bleeding the British forces. The Battle of Saratoga After numerous battles, the turning point in the war came in at the Battle of Saratoga in upstate New York.
Finally, though most Americans had no previous military experience, their militia units were usually close-knit bands of men, often neighbors, who served together in defense of their own homes. For example, the sheer size of the colonies made them almost impossible to conquer.
Content created by Alpha History may not be copied, republished or redistributed without our express permission. Britain encountered many logistical problems in the war which all contributed in some way to its defeat.
By Washington had fought Howe five times and lost every one, however Washington never lost his army. The Continental Congress voted to meet again in May to consider further action, but by that time violence had already broken out. Though the movement for American independence effectively triumphed at Yorktown, contemporary observers did not see that as the decisive victory yet.
Guerilla Warfare The rules of war in America were much different than the rules of war in Europe. This was not just because of the French infantry and artillery although that was important enough but also due to the tactical advantage offered by the French navy.
Popular support for the Revolutionary War was overwhelming. By Junewith the Revolutionary War in full swing, a growing majority of the colonists had come to favor independence from Britain.
The motivation for rebellion remained strong at all levels of society, not merely among American military and political leaders. They had territories from England to Australia and everything in between.
During the war, every slaveholding founder including George Washington had runaway slaves that ran to the British to gain their freedom. As time dragged on and the Continental Army either survived major battles or avoided them, the British military commanders realised they faced a significant dilemma: For example in Admiralty agents insisted that army suppliers be licensed and applications accompanied by exact cargo manifests.
Now most famous as a traitor to the American cause, General Benedict Arnold began the Revolutionary War as one of its earliest heroes, helping lead rebel forces in the capture of Fort Ticonderoga in May At Bennington, the patriots played another great trick sending men disguised as loyalists to mingle with British troops.
As they did not have the fire discipline or military expertise and skills to fight formal battles, it was suited to their guerrilla warfare type battle techniques.
The decision of Britain's North American colonies to rebel against the Mother Country was an extremely risky one. The Native Americans' Role in the American Revolution: Choosing Sides. At the outbreak of the Revolutionary crisis in the s, Native Americans faced a familiar task of navigating among competing European imperial powers on the continent of North America.
Longing to transform England's rule as a result that the colonies would be regulated legitimately, the earlier fathers struggled no revolution, only a war for Independence "in which Americans threw off British authority in order to retain their liberties and self-government." (Woods, year, pp.
14). The American Revolution was an important event for the North American continent because it affected so many differing parties. The Patriots gained independence and the right to practice their own style of government; Loyalists were persecuted as “traitors”; and the Native Americans lost the rights to their ancestral lands.
Before the first shots were fired in the American War of Independence, very few people gave the Americans (also known as the "colonists" or "patriots") a chance. Britain had a population of 11 million compared to the patriots million of whom 20% were slaves. Furthermore Britain had the most /5(11).Download